At the end of World War II, resumption of crossings by sea from North America to Europe was a great priority. Most surviving pre-war ships were reconditioned and new ocean liners were quickly ordered. By 1958, 1.2 million passengers crossed the North Atlantic by sea, an all-time record.
Many of the transatlantic shipping lines were subsidized by their national governments, and as well hired crews and supplied the ships from their respective countries. It was a matter of great pride that the ocean liners reflected the finest art, cuisine, seamanship and technology that each nation could produce.
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